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July 7, 2023

The decision to move to a new country is a big one, so it’s important to consider all the factors before making the move.

Are you considering immigrating to Canada? The decision to move to a new country is a big one, so it’s important to consider all the factors before making the move. Here are ten tips to help you prepare for your move and ensure a successful transition to Canada. Whether you are immigrating for work or family reasons, these tips will help you navigate the process and provide insight into what life in Canada is like. Read on for some helpful advice to get you started on your journey to a new life in Canada!


1) Understanding the immigration process in Canada

Canada has become a popular destination for immigrants, offering opportunities for a better quality of life, career growth, and excellent healthcare services. The process of Canadian immigration is an intricate and multi-step procedure that involves several stages.

The Canadian government welcomes skilled workers, entrepreneurs, investors, students, and family members to come and settle in Canada. However, before starting the application process, it is essential to understand the immigration process in Canada thoroughly. Having that initial consultation with Quadro Law is a great way to determine your eligibility to immigrate to Canada. You will need to fulfill specific criteria and provide evidence of your education, language proficiency, work experience, and financial stability.

There are several types of visas and immigration programs available, such as the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Canadian Experience Class, Provincial Nominee Program, and Family Sponsorship. Each program has its requirements, processing times, legal fees and application fees.

The next step is submitting your application, along with the required documents and fees. Your application will then be reviewed by the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, who will assess your profile, conduct background checks, and determine whether you meet the requirements for admission.

Once you become a permanent resident, you can enjoy many benefits, such as access to healthcare services, free education for children, and the ability to apply for Canadian citizenship after a certain period.

In summary, understanding the process of Canadian Immigration is critical to avoid unnecessary delays and complications. It is essential to gather information about the eligibility criteria, immigration programs, required documents, fees, and processing times before starting your application.


2) Knowing your eligibility to immigrate

Before deciding to immigrate to Canada, it’s important to know whether you meet the immigration eligibility requirements. There are different requirements for different immigration programs, such as skilled worker programs, family sponsorship, and business immigration.

For example, the Federal Skilled Worker Program requires candidates to have at least one year of skilled work experience in a qualifying occupation, meet the language proficiency requirements in either English or French, and minimum points on the selection factors assessment.

To find out if you meet the eligibility criteria for Express Entry, you can use the free online eligibility tool on Quadro Law’s website. This tool asks a series of questions about your age, education, language proficiency, work experience, and other factors.

Keep in mind that meeting the eligibility criteria doesn’t guarantee that you’ll be approved for a visa. Other factors can affect your application, such as criminal inadmissibility, medical inadmissibility, or misrepresentation.

If you have concerns about your eligibility or need help with the application process, it’s highly recommended that you consult with an immigration lawyer. At Quadro Law we can assess your situation, provide advice, and help you navigate the complex immigration system.


3) Types of visas and immigration programs available

If you’re considering immigrating to Canada, it’s important to understand your options. The most popular program is the Express Entry program, which allows skilled workers to immigrate to Canada. The process involves a points system based on education, work experience, age, and language proficiency.

For those who have family members already living in Canada, the family Immigration program may be an option. This program allows Canadian citizens and permanent residents to sponsor certain relatives to come to Canada and live with them.

There are also specific programs for students who want to study in Canada. Student visas are available for those who have been accepted to a Canadian school and can lead to opportunities for permanent residency after graduation.

If you have parents or grandparents wanting to visit Canada, the super visa may be an option for you. This program allows parents and grandparents to come to Canada and stay with their family members for up to five years per visit.

It’s important to research the different types of Canadian immigration and determine which program is the best fit for you. Consider factors such as your education, work experience, and family ties to Canada.

Having a lawyer determine the best option for you at the time is a valuable use of time, effort and cost.


4) Finding a job and work permits

If you are planning to come to Canada before you become a permanent resident, then obtaining a work permit may be essential. It is important to research the job market in your field and identify potential employers. This can be done through online job postings, networking with colleagues in your field, and contacting recruitment agencies.

To obtain a work permit in Canada, you must often have a job offer from a Canadian employer. The employer may need to provide you with a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), which confirms that there are no Canadian citizens or permanent residents who can fill the position.

It is important to note that some professions may require additional qualifications or certifications in order to work in Canada. Before applying for a job in your field, you may need to obtain Canadian credentials or certification. This process can be lengthy, so it is important to begin the process as early as possible. Additionally, if you plan to start your own business in Canada, there are several immigration programs available that can help you obtain a work permit. The Start-Up Visa program, for example, is designed for entrepreneurs who wish to start a business in Canada.

Depending on your immigration plan, finding a job and obtaining a work permit may be an essential step in the immigration process. By doing your research and planning ahead, you can increase your chances of finding a job in Canada and successfully obtaining a work permit.

Related to this topic, watch for immigration scams. One common scam will involve a consultant asking you to pay them for a job offer. Applicants have paid thousands of dollars to third parties, only to find that there is no real job awaiting them. Even worse, if Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada discovers the deception, the applicant will be barred from entering Canada for five years. As the old saying goes, “If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is”.


5) Cost of living and financial requirements

One of the most important things to keep in mind when immigrating to Canada is the cost of living. While Canada has a high standard of living, it also has high costs associated with it. Before you make the move, you need to ensure that you have a clear understanding of the financial requirements associated with your new life in Canada.

The first step is to research the cost of living in different provinces and cities in Canada. The cost of living varies greatly across the country, with major cities such as Vancouver and Toronto being among the most expensive. When calculating your financial requirements, you will need to consider your housing costs, transportation costs, food costs, and any other expenses you may incur on a daily basis.

If you are immigrating to Canada as a skilled worker, you will need to demonstrate that you have enough funds to support yourself and your family for at least one year. This requirement varies depending on the immigration program you are applying for, but it is important to ensure that you meet this requirement before submitting your application.

Another financial consideration is the exchange rate. When immigrating to Canada, you will likely need to exchange your currency for Canadian dollars. Depending on the exchange rate, this could either be a good or a bad thing for your financial situation. It is always a good idea to keep an eye on the exchange rate and make your financial plans accordingly.

In summary, financial requirements are a critical aspect of immigrating to Canada. Before you make the move, it is important to research the cost of living, understand the financial requirements associated with your immigration program, and ensure that you have enough funds to support yourself and your family.


6) Healthcare and insurance coverage

When you are considering how to immigrate to Canada, it’s important to understand the healthcare system and insurance coverage. Canada has a publicly funded healthcare system, which means that all Canadian citizens and permanent residents have access to basic medical services at no cost.

However, newcomers to Canada are not immediately covered by the healthcare system. Depending on your visa type, you may need to wait a certain amount of time before you are eligible for coverage. Also, each province administers its own health care plan, and eligibility rules vary across the country. It’s important to research your eligibility and ensure that you have adequate insurance coverage in the meantime.

Private insurance companies offer health coverage to visitors and newcomers, but the cost can be high. Some employers also offer healthcare benefits to their employees, so it’s important to ask about these benefits when considering job offers.

It’s important to note that dental and vision care are not covered by Canada’s healthcare system at this time. These services must be paid for out of pocket or through private insurance plans.

As a newcomer to Canada, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the healthcare system and insurance coverage options available to you. Consider researching different insurance plans and talking to a professional for more guidance. Don’t forget to factor in healthcare costs when creating your budget for living in Canada.


7) Education system in Canada

When it comes to education, Canada is renowned for having one of the best systems in the world. As an immigrant, it’s important to know what to expect and how to navigate the Canadian education system.

If you’re moving to Canada with children, they may be eligible to attend public schools for free, which is a huge benefit for families immigrating to Canada. Public schools in Canada are funded by the government and offer a high-quality education for students from kindergarten through to grade 12.

For those looking to further their education, Canada is home to many renowned universities and colleges. It’s important to research and understand the application process, as well as any student visas that may be required.

One of the things to remember when immigrating to Canada is that tuition fees for international students are typically higher than for Canadian citizens and permanent residents. It’s important to budget accordingly and research any available scholarships or financial aid options.

You should also consider language proficiency. English and French are both official languages in Canada, and universities and colleges may require students to take language proficiency tests.

Overall, the Canadian education system is highly regarded and offers many opportunities for students of all ages. It’s important to consider the options available and plan accordingly.


8) Language proficiency and cultural integration

Canada is a bilingual country, with both English and French as official languages. Depending on which province or territory you choose to settle in, you may be required to have a certain level of proficiency in either language. It’s important to research the language requirements before finalizing an immigration plan.

Language proficiency can also impact your job prospects in Canada. Many employers require their employees to have a certain level of proficiency in either language. Therefore, it is recommended that you improve your language skills (if necessary) to increase your chances of finding work in Canada.

Cultural integration is also a key consideration for those immigrating to Canada. Canada is a diverse country with a rich cultural heritage. It’s important to learn about Canadian customs, values, and traditions to help you integrate into Canadian society. Immigrants are encouraged to embrace Canadian culture while also maintaining their own cultural identity.

There are many resources available to help with language proficiency and cultural integration. You can take language classes, attend cultural events, and connect with local community groups.


9) Climate and weather patterns in different regions

One important consideration when immigrating to Canada is the climate and weather patterns in different regions. Canada is a vast country, and its weather patterns can vary greatly depending on where you choose to live.

For example, if you’re moving to Canada from a warmer climate, you may find the winters in certain parts of the country to be challenging. Some parts of Canada, particularly in the prairies and northern regions, can experience extremely cold temperatures and heavy snowfall.

On the other hand, if you’re looking for a milder climate, you may want to consider cities like Vancouver or Victoria. These coastal regions of British Columbia are particularly mild and often have a temperate rainforest climate.

It’s important to research the Canadian climates and weather patterns of the regions you’re considering before making a decision. Consider factors such as average temperatures, precipitation, and hours of daylight.

Keep in mind that weather patterns can also affect other aspects of life, such as transportation and outdoor activities. Make sure to pack appropriate clothing for the weather and be prepared for any weather-related delays or cancellations.

Overall, considering the climate and weather patterns of the regions you’re interested in is an important part of planning your move to Canada. Taking the time to research and prepare can help ensure a smoother transition to your new home.


10) Researching the best places to live in Canada.

When it comes to moving to a new country, one of the most important things to consider is where you will live. Canada has many different regions, each with its own unique charm and character. As such, it is important to do your research and find the best place to call home.

Here are some tips for researching the best places to live in Canada:

  1. Use online resources. There are many websites and blogs that offer information on the best places to live in Canada. These resources can help you learn about the cost of living, job opportunities, housing options, and more.
  2. Consider your priorities. Everyone has different priorities when it comes to choosing a place to live. Some people prioritize outdoor activities, while others prefer cultural attractions. Make a list of your must-haves and use that as a guide when researching different regions in Canada.
  3. Talk to locals. If possible, try to connect with people who already live in Canada. They can give you valuable insights into what life is really like in different parts of the country.
  4. Think about your lifestyle. Are you looking for a bustling city or a quieter town? Do you want to live close to the mountains or the ocean? Consider your personal preferences when researching different regions.
  5. Keep an open mind. You may have your heart set on one particular region, but there may be other areas of Canada that you haven’t considered that would be a good fit for you.

Remember, immigrating to Canada is a big decision and choosing the right place to live is a key part of the process. By doing your research and keeping these tips in mind, you can find the best place to call home in Canada.

November 8, 2022

A non-Canadian who enters into a contract for the purchase of residential property and becomes liable to complete the purchase before January 1 is also exempted from the ban, whether the sale actually completes before or after January 1.

Purchase of Residential Real Estate Restricted on January 1, 2023

The Prohibition on the Purchase of Residential Property by Non-Canadians Act (the “Act”) comes into effect on January 1, 2023. The Act, which will remain in force for two years, bans most non-Canadians from purchasing residential property in Canada while it is in force.

To understand the scope of the Act, it is important to understand the term “non-Canadian” as the Act defines it. A non-Canadian is a person who is neither a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident of Canada, nor a person registered as an Indian under the Indian Act. Foreign corporations, as well as Canadian (and provincial) corporations controlled by non-Canadians, are also defined as non-Canadian. Residential property includes detached homes, condos, townhouses, and all other structures constructed for the purpose of residential housing. A non-Canadian who purchases residential property while the Act is in force will be subject to penalties, which include a fine of up to $10,000 on conviction, and a forced sale of the property. Lawyers and real estate professionals who aid in the purchase of property in contravention of the Act are also subject to a fine of up to $10,000 on conviction.

The Act does contain some exemptions. The ban will not apply to a person who purchases residential property with their spouse or common-law partner who is a Canadian citizen, permanent resident, or who is otherwise not prohibited from purchasing residentialproperty under the Act. The ban will also not apply to refugees or to certain temporary residents. A non-Canadian who enters into a contract for the purchase of residential property and becomes liable to complete the purchase before January 1 is also exempted from the ban, whether the sale actually completes before or after January 1.

The Government of Canada has not yet published the regulations to the Act as of November 8, 2022. The regulations, when published, will specify the types of temporary residents who are exempted from the ban. The regulations may also limit the ban to certain geographical areas, such as the metropolitan areas of major cities. Notably, the Act does not affect the validity of contracts or purchases made by non-Canadians. A non-Canadian may therefore be able to enter into and complete a sale while the ban is in force, only to be convicted after completion. If you are considering a purchase of residential property and you are caught within the definition of non-Canadian, it is vital that you be aware of the Act and the ways in which it will impact you.

December 1, 2020
If you are the extended family member of a Canadian, you are admissible to Canada if you plan to stay for 15 days or more . . .


Whichever holiday you celebrate, or even if you’re just taking advantage of a few days off work, it’s that time of year: everyone seems to want to make travel plans. Which begs the question: am I even allowed to travel right now? Where? Under what conditions?
Here are a few things you should know.
Am I allowed to come to Canada from abroad?
If you’re a Canadian citizen (including a dual citizen) or a permanent resident of Canada, you are automatically admissible to Canada, wherever you are right now. This also applies to those registered under the Indian Act, and to protected persons. Otherwise, it’s worth taking a closer look at the specifics of your situation.
If you are the immediate family member of a Canadian (including a permanent resident or a person registered under the Indian Act), you are likewise admissible to Canada, if and only if you plan to stay for 15 days or more. If you plan to stay for a shorter period of time, you must prove that you will be travelling for a non-discretionary purpose. (Sadly, visiting family for the holidays is considered discretionary. If you were hoping to zip in and out within the space of a week, it might be time to re-evaluate.)
If you are the extended family member of a Canadian, you are admissible to Canada if you plan to stay for 15 days or more – as with an immediate family member – and you have written authorization from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). You will not be allowed into Canada without this written authorization. At Quadro Law, we are happy to help obtain this authorization on your behalf.
IRCC recently updated its definition of extended family members to include those in an exclusive dating relationship, if you have been in the relationship for at least one year and have met your partner in person at some point during your relationship. Other extended family members, as defined by IRCC, include siblings, grandparents, grandchildren, and adult children (over 22 years old). In contrast, a common-law partner is classified as an immediate family member. Two people are common-law partners if they have been living together for at least one year without breaks, in a marriage-like relationship.
Whether you are the immediate or the extended family member of a Canadian, you will require appropriate documentation to prove the existence of your relationship, as well as your family member’s status in Canada.
Certain other individuals are also currently admissible to Canada despite the pandemic. Discrete categories of others who are still admissible include temporary workers coming for a non-discretionary purpose, certain work permit-exempt workers, and some international students. The ins and outs of these categories tend to be nuanced, so please let us know if you need any help navigating the system.
Okay, so I’m allowed in. What does am an acceptable quarantine look like?
If you plan to come to Canada from abroad, you will generally be required to self-isolate and to monitor for symptoms for 14 days. This requires advance planning, as you must submit a plan through the Government of Canada’s ArriveCAN app before travelling to Canada. (ArriveCAN is also available in website format if the app isn’t accessible to you.)
Here are a few details you should have ready when submitting your plan through ArriveCAN:
1. Your contact information and travel document details.
2. Your travel details, including date of arrival, flight number, and airline (or your port of entry, if you don’t plan to travel by air).
3. Where you will be spending your quarantine period (exact address).
4. Whether you will be able to have food, medication, and other necessities delivered to you at this address while in quarantine. It is important that you avoid coming into contact with the general public during this 14-day period.
5. Any symptoms you have been experiencing.
Are you travelling to Alberta directly from another country through Calgary International Airport or the Coutts land border crossing? In partnership with the Government of Canada, the Alberta COVID-19 Border Testing Pilot Program still requires you to submit a full quarantine plan through ArriveCAN. However, you may be eligible to quarantine for fewer than 14 days if you undergo a COVID-19 test immediately upon arrival in Canada. You must quarantine until you have received your test results. If your results come back negative and you plan to remain in Alberta for at least 14 days after coming from abroad, you will not be required to quarantine. However, you must still follow all required preventative measures, including completing daily check-ins (online or by phone) and a second test on either your sixth or your seventh day after arrival. See the International Border Testing Pilot Program website for more information.
Can I get around the quarantine requirement?
In select circumstances – for example, if you will be providing an essential service in Canada, or for compassionate reasons (including supporting a critically ill loved one or attending a funeral) – you may be able to forego the 14-day quarantine requirement.
However, the general rule is that you are required to quarantine even if you show no symptoms of COVID-19 and have not recently been exposed to anyone who has tested positive for the disease. It is also worth noting that, if you have previously recovered from COVID-19, you must still quarantine, due to the potential risk of reinfection.
If you were hoping to dodge the quarantine requirement without fitting into one of the officially exempt categories, the consequences probably aren’t worth it. Possible penalties include a fine of up to $750,000, up to 6 months of jail time, and being found inadmissible to Canada for a period of one year (including forced removal). That’s one way to put a damper on the holidays.
What about interprovincial travel?
As each province and territory is continually updating its travel guidelines to respond to the evolving COVID-19 situation, we recommend checking the most recent provincial/territorial policy.
In B.C., for example, the official guidelines currently direct that nonessential interprovincial travel is inadvisable, but not absolutely prohibited.
“Travelling home to see my family for the holidays is obviously essential. Right?” Wrong. Just as with coming from outside of Canada, travelling between provinces or territories to visit family counts as discretionary travel. It might be up to you to make this call, and to evaluate the risks and rewards of holiday travel. Of course, before travelling, check back with the appropriate provinces/territories for the latest updates.
Maybe the travel restrictions provide a good opportunity to start some new traditions this season. Bond over copious amounts of home-cooked food with your roommates or coworkers. Check out the local ski and snowboard slopes (trust us, there are plenty of hidden gems out there). It could be worse.
Before you go…
One final piece of advice: check with your airline before boarding a flight to Canada this holiday season. While the Government of Canada requires you to submit your quarantine plan before travelling and to have certain other documents to enter the country, many airlines are imposing additional restrictions. This is an extra precautionary measure to cover their own bases, so that they can avoid transporting anyone who may later turn out to be inadmissible. Be prepared and reach out to your airline beforehand to see what documents you will require.
As always, we’re here to help at Quadro Law. If you’re at all in doubt, schedule a (virtual) consultation with us.
September 27, 2020
Through the temporary measure, asylum seekers can get an early chance at permanent residency.


The three words that stand out from the ongoing pandemic are ‘front-line workers’. Those three words have not been heard or read as much before. Amongst other things, the pandemic has made everyone view the challenges faced and roles played them in our society in a different light, a more vociferous light, and rightly so. Before the pandemic, we all knew of them and some even watched TV shows based on their lives, but we still did not see them. Their role in our society before the pandemic was similar to The Dark Knight- a silent guardian, a watchful protector. The pandemic changed that. We now see their efforts, feel their fatigue and hear the cheer to celebrate them. To put it bluntly, we are more mindful of their existence.
An abstract of a policy paper authored by Francesco Fasani and Jacopo Mazza in May 2020 on behalf of the European Commission, notes that on an average 13% of key workers are immigrants in the EU.[1] The conclusion of the paper reads ‘The overarching picture that this note paints is that of a migrant workforce that acts as an integral part in keeping basic and necessary functions of European societies working amidst periods of forced closure. It is worth stressing how, among migrants, the low skilled workers are especially over-represented in a number of key occupations that are vital in the fight against COVID-19, underscoring their often neglected value within European economies.’[2]
In the United States, six million immigrant workers are at the frontlines working for the safety of U.S. residents. Collectively 12 million immigrant workers are at the leading edge of the response to and impacts from the pandemic. In the Unites States, 30% of doctors and 27% of farm workers are foreign born.[3]
Should then, the efforts of frontline workers turn into policy change?
Portugal has temporarily granted all migrants and asylum-seekers citizenship rights; in Italy, the regularization only applies to some sectors. Still, these are all steps in the right direction.[4] Spain and Ireland are considering similar moves.[5]
Canada too took the first step in that direction when the Honourable Marco E. L. Mendicino, Canada’s Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship, on August 14 announced a temporary measure, in recognition of their exceptional service, to provide a pathway to permanent residency for asylum claimants working in the health-care sector during the COVID-19 pandemic. Through the temporary measure, asylum seekers can get an early chance at permanent residency.
To apply for residency now, they must have claimed asylum in Canada prior to March 13 and have spent no less than 120 hours working as an orderly, nurse or another designated occupation between the date of their claim and Aug. 14. Applicants must also demonstrate they have six months of experience in the profession before they can receive permanent residency and have until the end of Aug. 2021 to meet that requirement. Quebec will select those qualifying for this special measure who wish to reside in Quebec. In- Canada family members of the principal applicant would be included in the application and granted permanent residency, if the application is approved. Those who have been found ineligible to make an asylum claim, or who have withdrawn or abandoned their claims, would be excluded from applying.[6]
Applauding Canada’s move for the temporary measure, Rema Jamous Imseis, UNHCR’s Representative in Canada said “This is an exemplary act of solidarity which recognises the service and dedication of some of the most marginalized and vulnerable members in society. It is a reminder of the exceptional contributions refugees and asylum-seekers make to the communities that welcome them”.[7]
Some have also criticized the move saying it is discriminatory to other front-line workers not working in the health sector such as farm workers, security guards and cooks and janitors working in long-term care centres[8]. Mendicino said the emphasis of the special program was on “those who put themselves at greatest risk by working in hospitals, by working in retirement homes where COVID-19 was ravaging through like a wildfire.”[9]
Whether the government will expand the temporary measure to include other front-line workers is something only time will tell but for now, it seems like it is a step by the government to acknowledge the efforts of asylum claimants and have them viewed more as a boon than a burden on the system.
July 22, 2020
For a limited time, some temporary residents who are out of status in Canada may apply to restore their status, even if they are outside of the 90-day restoration window.


For a limited time, some temporary residents who are out of status in Canada may apply to restore their status, even if they are outside of the 90-day restoration window.
July 14 Changes to Restoration
Due to the problems associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is offering some additional relief to temporary residents who are out of status. The 90-day restoration window has been extended to December 31, 2020 for anyone whose status expired after January 30, 2020. For example if Marco, a temporary resident of Canada with a work permit, discovered on February 15 that his work permit had expired on February 14, he would normally have until about May 15 to submit an application for restoration. This temporary policy will allow Marco to apply for restoration anytime up to December 31, 2020, provided that he meets the other general requirements for restoration.
IRCC has also implemented temporary rules to allow some workers to begin working while waiting for their restoration applications to be processed. To begin working during restoration, a worker must have a job offer that is either supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) or is exempt from the requirement to obtain an LMIA, and must notify IRCC about the work. It is important to note here that a simple offer of employment from an employer is not enough; an LMIA must be obtained or an exemption to the LMIA requirement must be applicable to the situation.  
General Information on Restoration and Implied Status
A worker, student or visitor in Canada who intends to remain in the country after the expiration of their status must apply to extend their status before their current document expires. If they are unable to do so, they are considered to be out of status on the day following the date on which their document expired. For example Julia, a temporary resident in Canada with a work permit, looks at her work permit on July 21 and realizes that it expires on July 21. Although likely in a panic, Julia is still able to extend her status as a worker as long as she submits the application before midnight (and she should screenshot the submission page with the time and date visible). In another example, Marco, a temporary resident with a work permit, wakes up on the morning of July 22 and notices that his work permit expired on July 21. Marco is out of status in Canada on the morning of July 22.
Restoration provides some relief for Marco. He will typically have a 90-day window to submit an application to extend his status that expired on July 21. Marco must submit a restoration fee of $200 in addition to his work permit fees, and if he otherwise meets the requirements for restoration, he can expect to be restored to the status of worker.
It is important to note some differences between implied status and restoration. Because Julia submitted an application to extend her status before her status expired, she will be on implied status as of July 22. Implied status means that Julia can remain in Canada under the conditions of her expired work permit until she receives a decision on her new application. Because Julia held a work permit, she may continue to work while on implied status. If she held an open work permit she may work for any employer while on implied status. If her work permit was employer-specific she may only work for that employer while on implied status, even if she is applying for an open work permit through the new application. The same rules are applicable to students and visitors. However, if a worker or student leaves Canada during implied status, they are not permitted to work or study when they re-enter. So if Julia goes to Seattle for the BC Day long weekend, she will re-enter Canada as a visitor and will not be permitted to work until such time as she holds a valid work permit.
Restoration does not offer the benefits of implied status in terms of work or study. Although Marco in our example has 90 days to restore his status, he loses authorization to work after July 21. And unlike implied status, submitting the new application does not give Marco the authorization to work while the application is being processed. He may only begin working again only after receiving a new work permit. If Marco had held a study permit in this example, he would likewise be unable to continue his studies until a new study permit is issued.  
These are merely examples of typical restoration and implied status scenarios. Real life situations are often much more complex.
July 6, 2020
Yet, the provinces have continued to invite prospective immigrants to submit Express Entry profiles and apply for permanent residence.


Importance of immigration to Canada …
Canada is a nation built on immigration and, for a myriad of reasons, immigration is hugely important to the present social, cultural, and economic growth of our country. Immigration serves to reunite families and provide immigrants with educational and vocational opportunities not available in their countries of origin. It also enriches Canadian culture by connecting different parts of the world, thereby diversifying ideas and customs.
The economic benefits of immigration, in particular, have become especially pronounced in recent years. According to the Conference Board of Canada[1], “Canada’s fertility rate is 1.5 babies per woman, below the replacement rate of 2.1”. On the other hand, all of Canada’s “9.2 million baby boomers will be of retirement age by 2030”, and “23% of Canada’s population will be 65 or older by 2040”. Canada’s low fertility rate and the impending swell of individuals in the 65+ age bracket means that Canada will have fewer people to produce and consume goods and services, as well as a smaller number of taxpayers[2]. Thus, Canada will soon be more dependent than ever on immigration to counter imbalance in the labour force and alleviate strain on the healthcare system.
The impact of COVID-19 on immigration to Canada …
The COVID-19 pandemic has presented numerous challenges to Canada’s immigration system. More precisely, IRCC’s transition to working remotely, travel restrictions, and reduced flights have contributed to a drop in permanent resident admissions to historically low levels in June[3]. Thus far, BC has admitted only 350 new permanent residents, a figure which stands in sharp contrast with those from January (4,235), February (4,240), and March (2,950).
Yet, the provinces have continued to invite prospective immigrants to submit Express Entry profiles and apply for permanent residence[4]. Further, as the foregoing statistics indicate, applications are still being processed. The Canada Immigration Newsletter reported there could be four Express Entry draws in June[5]. On June 10th, British Columbia invited 87 individuals to apply to its Provincial Nominee Program [6].
This indicates the doors will remain open to immigration as Canada navigates the unprecedented circumstances created by the pandemic.
IRCC stated the following categories of individuals can continue to enter Canada notwithstanding the travel restrictions currently in place[7]:
· Canadian citizens
· Permanent residents
· Immediate family of Canadian citizens and permanent residents
· Permanent resident applicants who had been approved for permanent residence prior to March 16 and who had not yet travelled to Canada
· Temporary foreign workers
· International students who held a valid study permit or had been approved for one as of March 18
· Transiting passengers
Immigration to Canada in the aftermath of COVID-19 …
In its 2020-2021 Departmental Plan, IRCC unveiled its plan to admit 341,000 new permanent residents in 2020 and 351,000 the following year[8], marking a large increase from the previous decades’ average yearly admission rate of 250,000 and “the most ambitious immigration levels in recent history”[9]. Some have argued Canada cannot afford to stick to this plan in light of the economic fallout of COVID-19; they believe immigration should be put on the back-burner until the economy recovers and employment rates amongst those already living in Canada have bounced back to previous levels.
However, a variety of factors indicate Canada’s commitment to immigration will endure, and in fact flourish, in the aftermath of COVID-19. Indeed, the impact of COVID-19 means that Canada is, in many ways, in greater need of new immigrants than it was before. First, it is important to understand that the employment market isn’t a zero-sum game; gains made by immigrants and members of a host society are compatible and, in fact, tend to be mutually reinforcing, particularly when considered over the long run. Immigrants will contribute to the creation of Canadian jobs through spending and entrepreneurial activity.
Second, continuing to welcome newcomers into Canada is consistent with the proactive immigration policy our country has followed over the past three decades. As Kareem El-Assal[10], a senior research associate for immigration at The Conference Board of Canada, explains, Canada had originally taken a “tap on, tap off” approach to immigration, meaning more immigrants were accepted when the economy was doing well, and less when it was not. In the late 1980s, Canada realized the tap-on, tap-off approach was insufficient to offset labour shortages resulting from the retirement of older generations of Canadians. Consequently, the tap on, tap off approach was displaced by a new policy that has a long-term focus and prioritizes a consistent flow of migrants. Canada has persevered with this new, proactive approach through various economic crises, including the Great Recession.
Finally, the pandemic highlighted the vital importance of immigrants to ensuring the well-being of Canadian society in a period of crisis. Newcomers contributed massively, both directly and indirectly, to efforts to combat the virus[11]; as federal Immigration Minister Marco Mendicino succinctly stated, “we could not support our front-line workers without immigration”[12]. Standing firmly by our commitment to immigration is the only way to deal with the ever-present possibility of another, future pandemic.
Conclusion …
The Canada Immigration Newsletter reported that the COVID-19 pandemic has increased interest in immigrating to Canada[13], and, all things considered, prospective immigrants should continue to apply to immigrate to Canada. The importance of immigration to Canada and its post-COVID-19 recovery means our country is unlikely to back away from its commitment to welcoming newcomers. This point is supported by recent statements made by Mendicio, in which he said “[i]mmigration will absolutely be key to our success and our economic recovery”, and that “[w]e will continue to rely on immigration, it will be an economic driver, and this will be the North Star of our policy going forward.
June 7, 2020
June 7, 2020

We stand with Black Lives Matter. We are listening.


As an immigration law firm, it is our job to assist people in clearing the immigration hurdles as they relocate to Canada. But there are many other hurdles that racialized people face every day in North America, whether they are new arrivals or whether their families have been here for generations. We at Quadro Law support Black Lives Matter. We condemn, in the strongest possible terms, the systemic racism and disregard for human life that has led to the deaths of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, Ahmaud Arbery, and so many other Black men and women at the hands of a racist establishment. 
We will do better by ensuring that racialized people have and will continue to have a strong voice in our firm. We will start an ongoing dialog with our employees, aimed at improving upon the respect and sensitivity with which we treat our racialized colleagues and clients. And we will recommit to ensuring that we are as diverse as Canada is.
We stand with Black Lives Matter. We are listening.